Waste Vegetable Oil As A Diesel
Index of Waste Vegetable Oil As A Diesel
Properties of Triglycerides as Fuels
Oils and their melting point and Iodine Values
In Car installation
Problems Costs Exhaust emissions and Cost efficiency
Saturated oils and possible improvements
In the past, waste edible oils and fats were often used in the production of animal
feeds. However due to links between BSE and this practice, the use of waste fats
for animal feed is not as common as it once was and this has resulted in surplus
quantities becoming available. This has led to significant disposal problems.
Waste oils and fats can be used as renewable fuel resources. Conversion of
waste oils and fats to biodiesel fuel is one possibility but poses some difficulties
such as in the use of toxic or caustic materials and by-product disposal.
Conversion to biodiesel may also decrease the economic attractiveness of using
waste oils as fuels.
An alternative to the use of biodiesel is the use of vegetable oils or rendered
animal fats as a fuel.
Using relatively unmodified oils or fats eliminates the problems associated with
toxic and caustic precursor chemicals and residual biodiesel alkalinity as the oil is
used without altering its chemical properties.
This paper discusses the use of waste vegetable and animal oils and fats as
unmodified fuels in compression ignition engines.
Waste edible oils and fats pose significant disposal problems in many parts of the
world. In the past much of these waste products have been used in the
production of animal feeds. However due to possible links between BSE and this
practice, the use of waste edible animal fats for animal feed is not as common as
it once was, resulting in disposal problems. As it is often difficult to prevent the
contamination of waste vegetable oil with animal products during cooking, waste
vegetable oil often must be treated in a similar manner as is waste animal fats.
One possibility for the disposal of these products is as a fuel for transport or other
uses. Conversion of waste oils and fats to biodiesel fuel has many environmental
advantages over petroleum based diesel fuel. However it is not commercially
available in Australia and the ‘ back-yard’ production of biodiesel may present
serious risks as the process uses methanol, a toxic and flammable liquid, and
sodium or potassium hydroxide, both of which are caustic. By-product disposal
may present further difficulties and environmental considerations may preclude
production in sensitive areas.
An alternative to the use of biodiesel is the use of vegetable oil or rendered
animal fats as fuel.
Using unmodified oils not only eliminates problems such as residual biodiesel
alkalinity by-product disposal, but also increases the economic viability of using
the oil or fat.
While the use of vegetable or animal oils and fats as fuels may be somewhat
surprising at first, when examined in an historical context we can see that the
compression ignition engine, first developed to a usable level of functionality by
the French-born Rudolf Diesel near the end of the 19th century, was originally
designed to operate on vegetable oil.
In 1900, Rudolf Diesel demonstrated his new compression ignition engine at the
World Exhibition in Paris running on peanut oil. In 1911 he wrote "The engine can be fed with vegetable oils and would help considerably in the development of
agriculture in the countries that use it." It was about this time that new drilling technology and exploration techniques
were developed and together these ushered in the age of cheap and plentiful
fossil fuels. Consequently, the use of vegetable and animal oils and fats as fuels
has only been used for a few special purposes such as in racing fuels or in
environmentally sensitive areas where petroleum spills tend to cause more
serious problems than do spills of animal and/or vegetable derived fuels.
After some one hundred years of using liquid petroleum fuels, we are now finding
that there are unforeseen side effects, the foremost perhaps being the so-called
Enhanced Greenhouse Effect.
In Australia, transport use contributes some 16% of Australia’ s greenhouse gas
emissions. Of this, diesel fuel contributed about 17% or 11,705,000 tonnes of
CO2 equivalent. An additional 1,622,000 tonnes is released from diesel fuel used
for electricity generation. On top of greenhouse gas emissions is the vexing
question of how little – or much – is left.
However oils of vegetable and animal origin, unlike fossil fuels, have to potential
to be produced not only on a sustainable basis but also could be greenhouse gas
neutral, or at the very least, emit substantially less greenhouse gases per unit
energy than do any of the fossil fuels.
<< last page - index - next page >>